Charles F. Goldfarb's
Online Press Kit

book series covers

Resources for journalists, writers, producers, and conference organizers

Thanks for your interest in my work. I hope the resources I've assembled here will make your job easier. Please feel free to write to Charles at the domain if there is anything else you need, such as review copies of books or prize copies for promotions.


Ed Mosher, Ray Lorie, and I invented the first structured markup language in 1969, IBM's "Generalized Markup Language" (GML). In 1970 I coined the phrase "markup language" in order to describe our invention.

GML led to SGML, which I invented in 1974. SGML literally makes the infrastructure of modern society possible. Our incredibly complex systems and products require massive amounts of documentation -- 4 million pages for a single model of aircraft, for example, which must be updated quarterly. That documentation couldn't be created and managed without SGML.

The same is true for the documentation of nuclear plants, oil rigs, government laws and regulations, military systems -- and anything else that is too complex for a single person to understand and that has life-and-death significance. All of those things are documented with SGML.

The World Wide Web is also powered by SGML. In 1999 the Society for Technical Communication recognized that synergy by conferring Honorary Fellowships on both Tim Berners-Lee and myself. It was the only dual award since 1974, when Buckminster Fuller and Frank Winship received the first two Honorary Fellowships.

HTML is an SGML application, while XML is a Web-optimized subset of SGML. For a quick and clear explanation of XML, read XML in an Instant: A Non-geeky Introduction.

You can also read my detailed bio or access mini and micro versions for sidebars and conference programs.

For further background, check out the SGML History Niche and the interviews below.

My book, The XML Handbook™, has its own website and press kit.


The best interviews ask really perceptive and interesting questions. I've collected a few here that provide helpful insights into XML and markup languages and their impact on the Web and the world. You may be surprised at how much society depends on structured markup.


These are mostly 512x768 JPEGs.

For convenience, here are smaller versions of the same images, about 100x140 JPEGs.

Here are the original PhotoCD files from which the JPEGs were made, in ZIP format. These are high resolution; you can generate TIFFs from them.

More photos are available. Let me know what you need.

To Charles F. Goldfarb's SGML Source Home Page.

To The XML Handbookpress kit.

Copyright ©2008 Charles F. Goldfarb. All rights reserved. Information on this site cannot be used or cited for any commercial purpose, although links to the site are welcome. Any questions, comments, or suggestions? Write to Charles at the domain